‘Inclusivity’ and ‘participation’ lie at the heart of the agendas of many armed opposition groups and international peacebuilding agencies alike. The project’s aim is to critically examine the extent to which these claims are reflected in negotiation and decision-making processes following intra-state armed conflict. The project also seeks to assess whether such processes translate into actual and sustainable practices in post-war political settlements, governance and state-building processes. By carrying out participatory and empirical field research in six post-war contexts, the project aims to derive comparative lessons to learn from. These will be disseminated in the form of policy reports and ‘learning’ events targeting various policy audiences, including former power contenders now turned into power holders, as well as international peace building agencies.